The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system. It gives off the fluid that sperms come in during ejaculation. This gland can be infected and this is more likely to happen to adult males aged 30-50 years old. When prostate infection happens, the gland swells making it put pressure on the urethra, the tube that urine passes through from the bladder. This is why urination-related prostate symptoms happen.
Prostate infection is called prostatitis, a disease which has been divided into four categories: acute bacterial, chronic bacterial, chronic abacterial, and prostatodynia. Prostate infection happens in the first two kinds mentioned, while the cause of the other two is yet to be determined.
This can have various causes. Various organisms, such as fungi, genital viruses, and parasites can be behind an infection. The infamous E-coli bacteria can work their way to the prostate and be the source of prostate infection. This is done by contact with an infected urethra or urine. Fortunately, it is not contagious.
The different infections vary in their causes as well as in the prostate symptoms they produce. Specifically, acute bacterial prostatitis is an infection caused by a bacterium normally prostate protocol reviews 2021 found in the large intestine. Some prostate symptoms include fever, chills, pain in the lower back and genital area, and urinary problems. Chronic bacterial prostatitis may be leftover of a previous prostate infection, injury-related (involving the urinary tract), or an infection of another body part that worms its way to the prostate. In this case, infection is present in the gland, but there are no prostate symptoms. Symptoms will only occur when the infection has spread to the bladder.
Nonbacterial prostate infection still does not have determined causes. There are theories that indicate agents that are not detected by medical tests, weight lifting when the bladder is full, interstitial cystitis, abnormal setup of the urinary tract, or urine that accidentally gets into the prostate.
It has been estimated that half the men develop prostatitis sometime in their lives. It is the most common prostate problem among men under 50 years old. However, despite it being a common problem, very few studies are made on this condition. Prostate infection may not be life-threatening, but it does require treatment. When prostate symptoms are felt, it is best to undergo a prostate exam to determine the correct cause.