Gout is an extremely painful form of arthritic inflammation. It generally affects one joint at a time (usually the big toe). Typically, there are only two to four joints affected in a typical gout attack. There are also times when gout symptoms become more severe, referred to as flares, and there are times when there aren’t any symptoms at all, referred to as remission. Repeated bouts of gout will eventually result in gouty arthritis, often a more serious form of arthritis.
The exact causes of gout are not clearly known, although a variety of things have been linked to its development. Some things that have been linked to gout are poor nutrition (due to high blood pressure or diabetes), obesity, inherited conditions such as kidney stones, uric acid crystals in the joints, excessive alcohol consumption, and excessive use of certain drugs (such as diuretics). Gout has also been shown to have a genetic factor which means it runs in families. If you have someone in your family who has suffered from gout, you are more likely to develop it yourself nano fast.
Certain conditions can be responsible for the buildup of uric acid in the body. The primary condition is hyperuricemia, which occurs when there is too much uric acid in the blood. The secondary condition is gout, which is caused by crystallized deposits of uric acid in the joint tissue. Because both conditions are caused by the same pathway of uric acid elimination, it is likely that the same factors are at work. Therefore, if you have gout, you are at risk for developing hyperuricemia as well.
In order to treat both conditions, you need to reduce their severity and prevent further attacks from occurring. One way to do this is to make lifestyle changes. To reduce gout symptoms and attacks, you need to reduce your weight, avoid excessive alcohol intake, eat a low-cholesterol diet, practice a regular exercise program, reduce your usage of medications such as diuretics and NSAIDs, reduce your intake of fatty acids in your diet, quit smoking, and limit your consumption of purines. These lifestyle changes should combine to help you reduce the risks of gout development. The reduction in weight, as it reduces the load on your joints, helps to relieve the pressure on your joints and reduce the inflammation, pain and stiffness caused by gout.
In addition to lifestyle changes, another way to treat both conditions simultaneously is to take medications that are specifically designed to treat both of them. These medications are usually called anti-inflammatory medications. They can ease the pain, swelling, and stiffness caused by acute gout attack as well as reduce the buildup of uric acid crystals in your joints. You can find anti-inflammatory medications that are available without a prescription at your local pharmacy. Some of these are available without a doctor’s prescription as well. However, it is always wise to see your doctor or pharmacist before starting a new medication.
If your gout symptoms are still severe even after making all these adjustments, it is still advisable to get a proper diagnosis through the use of x-rays or CT scan. This will help your doctor evaluate the severity of your gout condition and give him a better idea of the extent of your pain, swelling, stiffness and other symptoms. Once your doctor has confirmed that you have gout, he can then recommend appropriate treatment. Treatments that are recommended for mild gout include acetaminophen, aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
While serious cases of gout are usually handled with the use of more advanced medications and surgical procedures, there are some instances where gout can be managed with just the right diet and exercise. Gout occurs when uric acid levels in the body rise above a certain level. Normally, this happens only when one is overweight or overstressed. If you fit into this category, it is highly recommended that you avoid high-purine foods, such as shellfish, dried peas and some meats, and also to drink lots of water so as to neutralize uric acid. One thing to note is that not all gout patients respond to these measures, and only your doctor can determine this by examining your medical history.
If you want to prevent future episodes of gout from forming, you should see your doctor regularly so that he can check for signs of possible heart disease or kidney disease. If you have undergone a surgical procedure, you need to stop taking NSAIDs immediately because they can slow the effectiveness of the medications. You also need to ask your doctor about possible drug interactions between the medications you are currently taking and the one for gout. These include the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diuretics, aspirin and other medications used for cardiovascular disease.