“Malocclusion” comes from the Latin terms meaning, ‘wrong bite.’ The normal bite is one with the upper jaw slightly extended from the lower jaw. Any deviation from this is considered a malocclusion.
When the lower jaw extends farther from the upper jaw, it is called “prognathism” or underbite. On the other hand, when the upper jaw and teeth overlap the bottom ones, it is called an underbite or “retrognathism.” These are the Type 3 and Type 2 malocclusions, respectively. Type 1 is the most common of all and is characterized steel bite pro by malpositioned or an overcrowding of teeth, although the bite is normal.
Malocclusions are known to be hereditary but there are also some factors attributed to its acquisition. Just a few of these are thumbsucking, prolonged bottle use or pacifier use while young, or tongue thrusting habits.
A wide selection of braces
Braces serve to align the teeth and to move them to their proper places. The types of braces differ by the problem each type intends to correct, but generally, these are the most common types:
These are the braces that our parents and their parents grew up with – the old-school, full-metal mouth braces. They’re made of thick metal brackets which are attached to similarly thick metal bands that are used to secure the band to the tooth. These are already passe and it has given way to the sleeker, less obtrusive braces.
These are the most common. They are securely bonded by rubber bands to the front of the teeth and are comprised of thin wires that are wrapped around the lower and the upper sets of the wearer’s teeth with a bracket that secures each tooth.
Steel is a common material, but the newer ones – those made of ceramic and those made from a clear transparent material – have been gaining popularity in the recent past. The latter two are more aesthetically acceptable but they are more prone to staining.
These are similar to traditional stainless steel braces, only they are bonded to the rear of the teeth and not to the front. Lingual-type braces are the choice of those who are concerned about their appearance. No one will guess that a person is wearing lingual-type braces unless the secret is revealed by the wearer himself.
The downside to this is that it may take a lot of adjusting to correct the minor differences in speech that the brace-wearer experiences initially, but it may soon go away as he inures himself with the apparatus.