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Skin Types
There are four basic skin types; these are Normal, Dry, Oily and Sensitive. You can also get a combination skin type which can be a variety of two or more of the four basic types.

NORMAL SKIN
If you have a normal skin type your skin will have an even color and smooth texture. Generally your skin will look and feel healthy. Your pores will be of average size and you will produce the correct amount of oil. Despite having healthy skin you should adopt a basic routine of cleansing the skin with a facial wash, toning with a gentle toner and moisturising with a medium weight moisturizer. It is also important to remember that the key to maintaining a healthy skin is to always wear sun protection.

DRY SKIN
A dry skin type will look slightly dull and will have a rough or grainy texture to it. You will have small pores and your skin will not produce enough oil causing it to feel tight at times. For a dry skin you should use a creamy cleanser and once again use a gentle toner followed by a heavier moisturizing cream. A dry skin type will age much quicker and sun protection is therefore vital as the sun will increase the speed at which collagen will breakdown.

OILY SKIN
Oily skin can sometimes have a sallow appearance and you will often notice a shine on the
T-zone. You will have larger pores and may be prone to congestion and breakouts. You should cleanse your skin with an anti bacterial wash or a clay based cleanser to help absorb excess oil, don’t be tempted to use an alcohol based toner as this could potentially strip your skin and cause dehydration, thus causing your skin to produce more oil as it will try to treat the dehydration itself. You should use a light moisturizer and an oil free sun block to protect your skin during SkinCell PRO the day.

SENSITIVE SKIN
Sensitive skin will have a tendency to redness, will burn easily in the sun and will often feel irritated and sore at times. It may react quickly to products. A sensitive skin needs to be treated very carefully. You should be using a gentle and calming cleanser that can be removed either with water of cotton pads, toning should be done with a soothing toner that will help your skin form a protective barrier. Try moisturizing your skin with a highly specialized moisturizer that will not irritate and always use a chemical free sun block for daytime protection.

Acne is also regarded as a skin type but is extremely difficult to treat. If you have acne regardless of whether you are taking medication or not you should certainly obtain guidance from a skin therapist.

try they will also tell you the types of products you should be buying for your skin. Visiting a professional is the only way to get a personally prescribed home care routine and this is essential if you want your skin to function at its optimum health.

The sun is responsible for a litany of skin issues, and more importantly skin cancer. Scientific studies have shown that repeated ultraviolet exposure breaks down collagen, impairs the skin’s ability to repair itself, and attacks our elastin. In fact, 90% of premature aging is caused by ultraviolet rays from the sun. The damage caused by these damaging rays can be seen through deep wrinkles, age spots (hyper pigmentation), spider veins, a rough, blotchy complexion and the dreaded ‘leathery’ look!

Lack of sleep / stress
Skin is the first place to be effected by lack of sleep – the immediate effects of exhaustion are represented through dark circles under the eyes and sagging skin.

Stress is inevitable – just like aging! But it also contributes to premature aging. Often when we are stressed we furrow our brow, place our hands on our faces and pull it in every which way and direction and twist our faces around, performing repetitive movements that impart permanent damage.

Exposure to the elements
Cold winds and low temperatures can dry out skin, depriving it of balanced levels of sebum (oil) that keeps skin lubricated. Without these oils, skin becomes dry, and is more prone to premature aging because of the lack of protective oils. This goes for forced air heating as well such as air conditioning. Warm and dry air acts like a giant sponge, soaking up moisture from everything it touches, including your skin.

Lack of exercise / poor diet
Lack of exercise can contribute to prematurely aging skin, as exercise keeps muscles toned and stimulates blood flow. A poor diet leads to a lack of nutrition for the cells and possible exposure to chemicals and preservatives. Fried and burnt food can also cause oxidation (free radicals from vitamins help counteract oxidation), leading to weaker cell structure.

Smoking
Smokers are more likely than non-smokers to develop wrinkled, leathery skin, as well as a yellowish hue in their complexions. And even if you are not a smoker, being around a smoker can still cause damage to your skin.

Ways to improve your skin …now!

Exfoliation
Exfoliation will help to remove dulling skin cells from the skin’s surface while improving penetration of beneficial ingredients. There are many different types of exfoliant available but the most effective form for reducing the appearance of the signs of aging is an alpha hydroxy acid based exfoliant. With this type of exfoliant you apply it as you would a masque, leave it on your skin for approximately 10 minutes and then remove. An alpha hydroxy acid based exfoliant will dissolve the inter-cellular glue that holds your skin cells together, thus loosening dead skin cells and removing them. Using this type of exfoliant reduces the amount of stimulation on your skin, as you don’t need to rub it over your skin as you would if you were to use a scrub based exfoliant.

Topically-applied vitamins
It has been scientifically proven that topically-applied vitamins do improve the health of the skin. Vitamin A helps inhibit collagen breakdown while stimulating collagen production, vitamin B aids in wound healing, vitamin C is an antioxidant that inhibits melanin, and vitamin E is an antioxidant that provides a barrier protection while smoothing the skin. An excellent product to try is Dermalogica’s Multivitamin Power Concentrate, which will give you a daily dose of all the vitamins that your skin needs.

Professional Products
The majority of professional products can only be bought from qualified beauty or skin therapists, and are usually only sold in spa’s, salon’s or skin care centers. These products contain up to 75% active ingredients, significantly more than the other two categories. These products may also be less well known than branded products despite being much more effective. The reason for this is that they rely on word of mouth and media attention for their advertising. Professional products are results orientated and their reputation rests on this. Dermalogica products are examples of professional products.

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